When we think of damage caused by alcohol, we often think of damage done to the liver or mental health. Of course, they are the most dangerous risk associated with the alcohol abuse. But the story is not ending there, alcohol is a dangerous substance that cause harm to every single organ in your body. One part of the body that people don’t often think of or care when they think of the dangers of alcohol addiction is sadly, the Eyes!
Even the light consumption of alcohol can impair the eyes and affect its vision. Alcohol is a diuretic, which means it removes water from the body thus making you urinate frequently. In simple words, alcohol can cause a dehydrating effect on your body, leaving the eyes dry and irritated. In fact, dry eyes are a common complaint among drinkers, and chronic alcohol abuse can lead to the development of Dry Eye Syndrome.
Often, people battling an addiction to alcohol suffer from what’s known as “Alcoholic eyes”: a set of temporary and permanent physical effects that toxic alcohol consumption can have on your vision. When you think of a person who abuses alcohol, you might imagine their eyes to be bloodshot or even have a yellow tint. The relaxing effect of alcohol has on your body makes the blood vessel in the eye to swell and creating bloodshot or red eyes.
At first let’s take a look at the other short-term effect of alcohol in your eyes.
Involuntary eye movement
When you drink alcohol, it slows down the rate at which neurotransmitters are firing in your brain. Neurotransmitters are the chemical messengers that pass information between brain and other parts of the body. The delay in this communication makes eye muscle coordination sluggish. These cases jerking motion by the eyes or as the name says, Involuntary eye movement.
Double or Blurred Vision
Anyone who had alcohol previously could tell that alcohol can cause blurred vision. This can be due to few reasons, like we already discussed about the communication with the brain. One other reason is blood pressure, alcohol raises the blood pressure levels thus creating temporarily blurred vision.
Difficulty in seeing colours
Under alcohol pupils take longer to dilate the eye, they won’t be able to constrict appropriately in response to changes in light conditions leading to loss of contrast: a condition that eyes are no longer identifies the different colours or shades of colour. This can be life threatening if you’re driving especially on night.
Fortunately, most short-term signs of alcoholic eyes and eye pain after drinking should improve as the body rebounds from alcohol exposure.
On the other hand, alcoholic eye damage resulting from chronic alcohol abuse may be long-lasting or permanent.
One of the main reasons for damage to the eyes from alcohol abuse is vitamin deficiency. This can be overcome by including vitamin rich foods in your diet or taking supplements like Brain and Body Essential which contains all 8 B vitamins.
Additionally, alcoholism also disrupts neurological connections to the eye and disturbs optical nerve health. Now let’s move on to some examples of such long term/permanent effect of alcohol consumption,
Generally, eye floaters occur at the old age. But excessive alcohol consumption can cause the development of eye floaters in a young age. Eye floaters are spots in your vision like black or grey specks or cobwebs formed due to the damage of optical nerve caused by chronic alcohol abuse.
A cataract is a cloudy area on the lens. Depending on its location it can interfere/cause difficulty with the vision. Mostly associated to people with age 55 or above, but it can happen in any age. They usually occur at both the eyes. Cataracts can be responsible for blurred vision, difficulty in seeing night, Lack of intensity when seeing a colour and increased sensitivity to light. The level of cataracts can be different on both eyes, one might be worse other might not. Ironically, moderate alcohol consumption may prevent this condition.
For the past three years alone, there are 34,423 cataracts surgeries has carried out in Ireland reaching the all-time record number.
Age related Macular degeneration (AMD)
AMD is an eye disease that can be worsen over time. It affects person’s eyesight and can cause complete blindness in rare cases. For some people who develop AMD, their disease (and vision loss) develops very slowly. In other cases, the loss of vision in one or both eyes occur quite quickly. It may appear as blank spots or areas that aren’t as bright as they were previously. Chronic alcohol abuse is thought to be a contributing factor to developing this condition.
Nutritional Optic Neuropathy (Toxic Amblyopia)
A painless but permanent vision loss caused by vitamin deficiencies. Chronic alcoholic consumption can decrease vitamin B deficiency in your body which in turn develop toxic amblyopia. Only if detected early, patients can regain their eyesight on over several weeks or sometimes a month for full recovery.
How to help alcoholic eyes?
Of course, the best thing you can do if you are struggling with eye related problems that caused by drinking, is to cut back drinking or stop drinking altogether. Light to moderate alcohol consumption should not have a lasting impact on your vision. However, in the short-term, even one drink can have negative effects on the eyes.
Everyone has a different tolerance for alcohol; you may be different from someone else who drinks the same amount.
It has been suggested that men drink no more than 4 units per day and women drink no more than 3 units per day. According to the study by NHS drinking six glasses of wine in a week could be good for your health moreover, a person who consumes up to 14 units of alcohol per week is less likely to develop cataracts.
Having a drink every now and then isn’t likely to harm your eyes seriously, but drinking a substantial amount on a regular basis can lead to long-term consequences to your eyesight.
If you’re afraid that you’re addicted and are experiencing eyesight problems or any other physical signs of alcoholism, then it’s essential that you get the help you need and deserve to beat this disorder. Alcohol addiction is a disease, and with the right treatment, you can recover from it. Quitting this habit can be incredibly difficult and sometimes dangerous when attempted alone so seek help from the qualified organisations.
If you’re struggling with this addiction and need support, call on 1800 459 459 (free phone) or sent a email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Other Alcohol support groups in Ireland,
Drinkaware – https://drinkaware.ie/support-services/
Rutland Centre – https://www.rutlandcentre.ie/addictions-we-treat/alcoholism